What REACH Means
REACH is the Regulation for Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals. It entered force on 1st June 2007 to streamline and improve the former legislative framework on Chemicals in the EU.
REACH switches most responsibility of control and safety of Chemicals from authorities, to Chemical Manufacturers, Importers and users and places greater responsibility on Industry to manage risks that Chemicals may pose to human health & the environment. REACH also aims to promote increased transparency, alternative methods for the assessment of hazards of substances and eliminate unnecessary testing, especially on animals.
What are the key aspects of REACH?
* REACH creates a ‘single’ system for both existing & new substances.
* Registration of substances manufactured or imported in quantities greater than or equal to 1000 kgs per year.
* Evaluation of selected substances of concern by the Authorities.
* Authorization required for use of substances of very high concern.
* Restrictions – Community wide action on substances posing an unacceptable risk.
* Existing substances are to be registered on a phased basis.
* ECHA (European Chemical Agency), which is located in Helsinki, will manage the regulation in co-operation with Member State Competent Authorities.
* REACH applies to all Chemicals-not just those used in industrial processes.
REACH in Ireland
In Ireland the Health & Safety Authority, the EPA and the Minister for Agriculture Fisheries & Food have been designated under the Chemicals act 2008 as the competent authorities for REACH.
What is CLP?
CLP is the Classification, Labeling and Packaging Regulation No: 1272/2008 and is the EU’s implementation of the UN’s Global Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). It is regulation rather than a directive and therefore applies directly across the EU without being added to national law of any or each of the EU member states.
CLP is a new regime for the EEA involving new ‘pictograms’ warning phrases, hazard statements with larger and more colorful labels. Some Chemicals not subject to labels under old classification and labeling rules will now need labeling; some chemicals with relatively mild warnings will now be labelled in a more severe way.
CLP applies to all substances and mixtures imported, manufactured or sold to the market place within the EEA unless otherwise exempt.